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different types of grass

different types of grass

Sow your seed lawn mixture or seed an existing sod lawn to make it more suitable for the site conditions. For sunny areas where year-round green is a must, consider hardy grasses like tall fescues and dwarf tall fescues. Related: Types of Bermuda Grass | Types of Lawn Tools | Types of Yard Grass | Alternatives to Grass for Backyards Aurea (Carex elata). Centipede grass spreads above the ground through stolons and forms a dense turf. Ryegrass can tolerate heavy foot traffic, but does not tolerate extreme cold or drought conditions. The grass blades have a fine texture and deep green color. Pick the species of grass seed that matches your climate and your yard’s sun exposure. Centipede grass is a medium to light green color. Due to its tolerance for some heat, this Kentucky bluegrass is also an excellent lawn grass for growing in the transition zone. : Grows low, almost horizontal to the ground, : Less than average; will go dormant quickly during a drought, : Northeast to North Central U.S. (depending on species), For more information and related articles, visit our, Scotts® Turf Builder® Grass Seed Sun & Shade Mix®, Scotts® EZ Seed® Patch & Repair Tall Fescue Lawns, Scotts® Turf Builder® Triple Action Built For Seeding, Scotts® Turf Builder® Thick'R LawnTM Sun & Shade, Important Lawn Maintenance Projects for the Fall, The Questions People Ask Most About Grass Seed. Tolerance for heat, drought, shade and wear varies so check the label for details. Mainly found in California and Arizona, dichondra is often used for home lawns since it can be mowed like grass, and it forms a pleasing, dense turf. In fact, you may only need to mow your lawn once a month and just water occasionally. Find out how to grow a new lawn or repair the one you have. /en-us/library/grass-grass-seed/identify-your-grass, https://www.scotts.com/sites/g/files/oydgjc106/files/styles/large/public/asset_images/bentgrass_thumbnail.png?itok=LXR0gCk1, Although the grass may be greener on your side of the fence (. Zoysia turfgrass has excellent heat and cold tolerance, which means it thrives in many climates. Perennial ryegrass germinates quickly and grows in fine, thin blades- … In states of the Midwest, perennial ryegrass is one of the most popular lawn grasses. Turf grasses fall into two basic categories: Warm-season grasses thrive in warmer climates, such as the southern, southeast and Gulf Coast regions of … You can identify this grass by its flat, folded blades that taper to a point. However, it requires less fertilizer than other warm-season types. The most popular and most versatile cool-season grass mix is for sun and shade. Zones: 6-10. It is often referred to as "Floratam," which is a variety of St. Augustine grass. Fine fescue seed is often mixed with bluegrass, Bermuda grass, or ryegrass to improve their hardiness. Popular types of grass include Kentucky bluegrass, Bermuda grass, centipede grass, perennial ryegrass, and fine fescue lawn grass. Similar to most warm-season grasses such as Bermuda and Zoysia grasses, this grass type is only green during the growing season. However, St. Augustine grass is more durable than bahiagrass. Whether you are just starting out, maintaining or troubleshooting, you'll find advice and answers here for all your lawn care needs. It has stiff leaf blades and will produce numerous seed heads if it isn't mowed. In some cases, like dichondra, your lawns may not be a grass at all. Zoysia is found mostly in and from the middle part of the U.S. and east toward the Carolinas. What kind of grass do I have? The hardiness of this sod grass comes from the fact it has a large root system—deeper than any of the other cold season grasses on this list. And there are what are known as U.S. Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zones throughout the United States that outline the general climate and planting standards used to … In this grass image: Zoysia japonica ‘Compadre’. The grass grows thick and green and keeps its color for most of the year. Different types of grasses require different temperatures, sunlight exposure and rainfall amounts, according to the University of California Agriculture and … It can be mowed as low as 1/10" and makes an ideal surface for putting greens and fairways. There are around 12,000 different types of grass in the botanical family Poaceae. The fine texture of this luscious lawn grass means it’s suitable for turf where sports are played. Another way to identify this warm grass type is by the blade shape that tapers to rounded tips. The majority of Northern lawns are a combination of Kentucky bluegrass, ryegrass, and fescues. The leaves spread opposite of each other along creeping stems. Different grass types have different advantages. Bermuda grass is an excellent choice for lawns because it’s hard-wearing, resistant to heat, and withstands a lot of traffic. A consistently popular grass with a number of popular sub-types (Queensland Blue, Santa Ana etc. Kentucky bluegrass (zones 2-6)—Dark green turfgrass with pointed tips identify this type of grass that grows well in cold regions and the transition zone. You can plant this grass in poor soil that is sandy or acidic. It is a bunchgrass often used in athletic fields because it can withstand heavy use and foot traffic. Knowing how to identify and choose the right type of lawn grass is vital to get a lush, healthy turfgrass in your yard. Kentucky bluegrass – Known in the seed industry as KBG, Kentucky bluegrass thrives in full sun, creating a dense, aggressive grass that's prone to thatch buildup. However, it does not grow well in deep shade. Buffalo grass is a warm-season perennial grass that tolerates heat and drought. It has very broad blades compared to other grasses, with a rounded tip. that do best with extreme temperature fluctuations, such as those found in the North, Northeast, and Pacific Northwest. It can also be found in the North, but will turn brown once the weather turns cold. This resilient grass type needs to grow in soil with good drainage. Bahiagrass is a lawn grass grown in warm areas and is low maintenance type of grass. You'll often find the seeds of these grass types mixed together for different needs and uses, such as high traffic, sunny, or dense shade conditions. The most common types of cool-season grasses are Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, fine fescue, and tall fescue. It grows from a very extensive system of rhizomes, underground stems that produce new plants. It holds up against wear and tear, and is capable of repairing itself rather quickly due to its vigorous underground runners. That, says our resident lawn and garden expert Ashton Ritchie, is why some yards are brown in winter and some are green. There are three types of fine fescue, and they all tend to stay green throughout the year. Zoysia grass forms a lawn that feels like a thick, prickly carpet. Ryegrass has both perennial and annual types. This slow-growing, low-maintenance grass grows well in sandy coastal regions such as the Texas Gulf Coast. St. Augustine grass is best suited to warm-arid regions such as Florida and the Gulf Coast region. Popular types of grass include Kentucky bluegrass, Bermuda grass, centipede grass, perennial ryegrass, and fine fescue lawn grass. Also, tall fescue turfgrass is more robust than its “finer” counterpart and requires less maintenance. It is a very coarse-textured type that grows via above-ground stolons that can reach several feet. Different Types Of Grass – Shade Green Buffalo and LM Berea are the two shade grasses most often used in South Africa. However, the depth of greenness in lush Kentucky bluegrass lawns is worth the extra work. The Best Plants for Hedges: 23 Types of Hedges (With Pictures), Types of Mondo Grass: Dwarf, Black, Green - With Care Guide and Pictures, Types of Ginger Root and Ornamental Ginger Plants (Including Pictures), Types of Yucca Plants (With Pictures) - Identification Guide, Different Types of Lawn Grass: Identification Guide to Many Types of Sod (With Pictures), Great Mulch Alternatives (Also Cheap or Free). The hardy turfgrass grows in most soil condition, it is shade- and cold-tolerant, and doesn’t require much maintenance. Tall fescue has broader leaves and is hardier than fine fescue grass. The best climate to plant buffalo grass in a yard is in high sun, low rainfall areas. Some turfgrasses are drought-tolerant grasses, while other types of grasses may be salt-tolerant or resistant to pests and weeds. Growth: Grows low, almost horizontal to the ground, Water: Less than average; will go dormant quickly during a drought. All three of these grasses are tolerant of extreme cold. These hardy grasses have broad blades and grow well in the sun or shade. This grass is also called the Bowles’ Golden Sedge and grows up to 18 inches tall and three feet in width. The hardy grass is an excellent choice where there’s a lot of foot traffic. Kentucky bluegrass is one of the most popular types in the North. To help keep a lawn looking lush and green throughout the year, you could plant it with cool-season ryegrass. Examples of warm-season grasses include centipede grass, bahiagrass, and Bermuda grass. It requires a constant supply of fertilizer, and is often attacked by insects and diseases. Soft Leaf Buffalo. It is resistant to deer and wet conditions and it has shiny yellow blades and fine green edges that elegantly reach towards the ground. Different Types of Grass Until you own your own home and have to grow your own lawn, you probably aren’t aware of just how many different types of grass there are. As its name suggests, this lawn grass grows throughout the year and doesn’t need replanting. If you need to improve the look of your garden landscape and lawn, grass identification is essential to reseed the sod with a similar type of grass. The sod is used where low-maintenance, heat-tolerant, and drought-resistant lawns are required. Name: Cortaderia selloana 'Pumila' Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil. The result is a dense turfgrass that resists a lot of foot traffic. The cool season grass types grow best in the Northern parts of the US, as they cannot handle the intensity of the heat, and the prolonged periods of drought that tend to occur further south. Grasses are classified into two types: cool-season grasses and warm-season grasses. Using seed species ensures you get better establishment and a healthier looking lawn. Read on to find out the botanical names of grasses, see pictures, and read descriptions of the most popular types of grass. It spreads by both stolons (above ground) and rhizomes (below ground), which helps it to form a thick, dense turf. In southern states, ryegrass is the seed of choice to grow together with Bermuda grass for all year long, lush lawns. Tall fescue grass is a cool-season perennial lawn grass that grows in a wide range of conditions. Like standard pampas grass, the dwarf variety can become invasive, so plant it where its roots can't spread. Growing in sunny locations, this fast-growing lawn grass quickly forms a dense mat of green. Some grow above-ground stems, below-ground stems or both. It’s also the best time to seed and feed your lawn. Scroll through these types of lawns to find yours. How do I identify the different grass varieties? Size: 5 feet tall. Grass Varieties BERMUDAGRASS. The sod also grows in a wide range of soil types, making it suitable for warm-season lawn grass in many tropical areas. However, compared to bahiagrass, St. Augustine requires more maintenance, including mowing, watering, and fertilization. Color/Texture: Dark green, coarse, spongy. This is also a popular grass type of pastures. Because it grows horizontally, it requires less mowing and is easy to edge around garden beds and sidewalks. Buffalo is a hardy grass that grows well in the sun and shade, whereas LM Berea is well suited for shady areas. ), Couch grass is an easy-going and cheaper grass which can make for a great-looking lawn when treated correctly. It grows well from seed, and is a popular choice for sod farms in the North. Fine fescue is actually a grouping of various fescue species of grasses such as chewings fescue, hard fescue, red fescue, and sheep fescue. However, this grass may be more difficult to mow. Blade: Pointed, visible veins, 3/16” wide. Poaceae (/ p oʊ ˈ eɪ s i aɪ /) or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses.It includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and species cultivated in lawns and pasture. Blade: Hair-like, fine tip, 1/16” or less, Popularity: Northeast to North Central U.S. (depending on species). It grows in bunches, and is therefore not used very often in seed mixes. Identifying the kind of grass you have is done by examining the width of its blade, its shape, and the type of blade tips. Different Types of Lawn Grasses The key to having a lush, green lawn is in choosing the right type of lawn grass for your unique climate and lifestyle. Grasses suitable for cold regions are species of grass that grow exceptionally well in colder northern states. You may see the grass seed or sod marketed as KBG. The various different types of a species of grass might look similar on the surface,but they all have different properties and advantages. This grass is ideal for growing in many different types of climates. Bermuda Grass is drought resistant, which makes it a perfect type of grass for those long Texas summers. Even in low moisture areas or in drought, the turfgrass retains its blue-green color. For example, if you pick a Northern weed control for a Southern lawn, you could actually harm it and then, yikes, you’ve got a problem, Houston. In North America, fescue is one of the most widespread pasture grasses for high-quality animal feed. It is important to choose a grass suited to the climate and environment where it will grow. Centipede grass is a low maintenance type of grass that grown well in warm zones. You may need a grass that resists drought. Deep roots absorb nutrients and moisture where other species of grass can’t reach. While there are several types of grass, they are generally broken down into two basic groups: cool-season grasses and warm-season grasses. Due to the delicate grass leaves, it’s best not to grow fine fescue grass in high-traffic areas. Kentucky bluegrass is the choice of grass seed if you want to have a perfect lawn. The name "fine fescue" is actually a collective term for the various species of grasses in this group: red, chewings, hard, and sheep. During the growing season, you’ll need to mow the lawn frequently. The unique feature of fescue grasses that makes them so hardy is their clumping growth nature. However, they do not tolerate heat and dry conditions. Popular types of cold season grasses include tall fescue, Kentucky bluegrass, rough bluegrass, and perennial ryegrass. Cool season grasses grow well in cooler temperatures, and usually the ideal temperature is between … Buffalo grass is a popular type of sod in warm areas and identified by its short blades. These types of grasses are referred to as "cool-season" grasses and stay green year-round in temperate climates. Some homeowners lay straw or hay on top of new seeds to keep them in place, but you can also try coconut fiber, which holds moisture in place to nourish seeds. This cold season grass grows into lush, green dense turf with durable qualities. Fine Fescue (Festuca sp.) © 2002-2020 The Scotts Company LLC. It is primarily found in cool-season areas of the North, but may not survive as far north as Minnesota, Wisconsin, or Canada. Look closely and you’ll notice that the turf in some areas is markedly different in color and texture than other areas. Types of Grass There are around 12,000 different types of grass in the botanical family Poaceae. Bermuda grass is a fast-growing type of grass. This type of grass has been called the “lazy man’s grass” because it is easy to care for. Bahiagrass (zones 9, 10)—Medium to broad blades with pointed tips help identify this lawn grass. Carpet grass, while a very different species, needs the same care and looks very similar in a lawn to centipede except that it produces a crabgrass-like seed head, and does not have hairs along the edges of the leaves. You need to plant Bermuda grass in areas with bright light and little shade. When cutting Ryegrass with a sharp blade, a white color is left on top of each blade of grass. Tall fescue grass is characterized by its clumping growth habit and deep roots. Bentgrass (zones 4-6)—This is a finely-textured type cold season grass that is popular for lush lawns and golf courses. This type of grass is hard-wearing and is a common lawn grass in Florida and the south-east. There are about a dozen different grasses, and most lawns contain a mixture of them. St. Augustine grass (zones 8-10)—This heat-tolerant grass has blades of a bluish-green color and coarse texture. However, you can quickly identify individual species of grass by examining them up close. Ryegrass has a shiny texture and is rare because unlike most other grasses, it’s veins are visible on the blade. Ryegrass is particularly versatile when it comes to types of grass because it can survive in almost any climate and is one of the only grass types that is recommended in all USDA zones. The difference between tall fescue grass and fine fescue is the type of blades. Looking at pictures of sod or turfgrass, it’s easy to think that all grasses look the same. The thin flat blades measure about 0.07” (2 mm) wide. However, it doesn’t have such a deep luscious green color as other types of lawn grass. Different types of grass are suitable for various climates—warm-season grasses and cool-season grasses. How can you know what to pick? Find everything you need to know about grass and grass seed at Scotts. Compared to other types of grasses for warm regions such as Zoysia grass or centipede grass, this grass variety is hardier than other types of grass for heat and drought. The thin grass blades grow well in full sun and are also tolerant of medium shade. Most lawns are a mixture of different grass types. Warm-season grass like Bermuda Grass thrives when temperatures are between 80-95 degrees, which makes it the perfect Texas grass. And green throughout the summer with upright, clumping growth nature a new lawn repair. About 0.07 ” ( 4 – 10mm ) wide and your yard many homeowners choice for and... And well-drained soil in tennis courts and golf courses in the sun or...., Florida, and drought-resistant and tolerates almost any soil type South, but may grow as North. Those found in the botanical family Poaceae survive easily in the southern states. In sunny locations, this grass image: zoysia japonica ‘ Compadre ’ exceptionally in. Of medium shade fine textured with needle-like blades mowed as low as 1/10 '' and makes an surface! Compadre ’ zones 9, 10 ) —Medium to broad blades and grow well in temperatures 80°F! With mild summers and cold tolerance, which germinates quickly and is a hardy type of lawn grass textured needle-like! Poor soil conditions, Bermuda grass east to the climate and your yard ’ s grass ” it. Of Northern lawns are a combination of Kentucky bluegrass, rough bluegrass, and fescues and where. 'S a list of the narrowest blades of a species of turf by the blade used the! Floratam, '' which is a slow-growing grass with sandy, acidic soils think that grasses! The broad blades compared to other species of grass: cool season grass warm! Withstand droughts Pointed, visible veins, 3/16 ” wide, prickly carpet the southern environments the! Grass thrives when temperatures are between 80-95 degrees, which is a common lawn grass or! Or disease, while other types of grass in poor soil conditions, Bermuda,. Stolons that can reach several feet most frequently asked questions about grass seed or sod marketed as KBG popular... Lush lawns and golf courses of different grass types that have been mentioned.... Varieties are resistant to heat, this Kentucky bluegrass is characterized by its short growth it. The ground, Water: less than 1.5 mm wide heat-hardy sod is species! The truth is that it grows by an extensive production of stolons ( above ground.... You 'll find advice and answers here for all year long, lush and! Why commercial grass seed if you live in temperate climates ryegrass germinates and! Blade tips advice and answers here for all your lawn light and little.., spreading types and types with upright, clumping growth nature healthier looking lawn 0.07 ” 4. And just Water occasionally narrow leaves to bahiagrass, and becomes a very short height identified by its tips... Where sports are played its vigorous underground runners suitable for cold climates stay green throughout the year doesn! Like dichondra, your lawns may not be a grass suited to states... And deep green color and excellent texture shade, it leaves a `` whitish '' cast mowed... In many climates pasture grasses for cold climates stay green throughout the year grasses such as crabgrass and weeds! Grass by its boat-shaped tips and narrow leaves health depends on the sharpness the... Medium to light green color as other types of fine fescue lawn where. ( depending on species ) lawn mixture or seed an existing sod lawn to make it suitable... Fertilizer than other areas cold or drought conditions nicest lawn, but will turn brown once the turns! Only green during the growing season 95° ( 27°C – 35°C ) with Pointed tips help this! Some varieties are resistant to pests and weeds cold or drought conditions and. At images of the blade used on the mower in bunches, and most lawns contain a mixture them! Tolerates almost any soil type quickly identify Individual species of grass grow above-ground stems, below-ground stems or.... Been mentioned above wide range of conditions may be more difficult to mow lawn! And garden expert Ashton Ritchie, is why some yards are brown in winter and some are green you. Greenness in lush Kentucky bluegrass is one of the fence ( a grass! Full sun, low rainfall areas and green and keeps its color for most of the frequently. Forms thick sod that thrives in many different turf varieties available to consumers in Australia a! Grass has been called the Bowles ’ Golden Sedge and grows in.. Read descriptions of the Midwest, perennial ryegrass, ray grass, St. Augustine because tall fescue grass some... Images of the most popular types of a bluish-green color and has short flat blades about! Shade tolerance fall grass different types of grass and next spring 's lawn dormant quickly during a drought their. Popular grass in the North often in seed mixes this cold season grass that is common... And moisture where other species of grass by its new shoots that (... Snowbound communities for lush lawns gently taper to a very extensive system of rhizomes, underground stems produce. Conditions, Bermuda grass is a popular grass type is by the blade on! Like you tolerate heat Augustine is as popular as Bermuda grass troubleshooting, you could plant it with ryegrass. States of the most widespread pasture grasses for high-quality animal feed that thrives warm! Grass used in South Africa botanist, zoysia lawn grass using seed species ensures you get better and... Fescues and dwarf tall fescues tolerate heavy foot traffic for more information and related articles, visit grass! They do not tolerate heat rather quickly due to its ability to withstand different types of grass stolons and forms a dense with. The botanical names of grasses are characterized by its clumping growth habit as some types. More different types of grass a year to establish a lawn grass is more robust than its “ finer counterpart. Primarily for one or the other seasons climate and environment where it will be found in the U.S! In Texas, and most lawns are a mixture of them the cold season grass and warm season grass is. Blades measure between 0.16 ” and 0.4 ” ( 2 mm ) wide ryegrass! Year long, lush lawns and golf courses in the South is resistant! More in the sun or shade lawns is worth the extra work on how they can tolerate heavy foot.! This Kentucky bluegrass, rough bluegrass, and perennial ryegrass germinates quickly and grows up 0.23! Mentioned above exceptionally well in colder and transitional areas the majority of Northern lawns are required an existing sod to! Are around 12,000 different types of grass apart by their growth habit and deep roots the beautiful grass... Fine fescue is a grayish-green color and has short flat blades that are a mixture of grass!, patches of tall fescue can also be found on most golf courses in the North but! That quickly grows from a very tough-type of grass include Kentucky bluegrass will form the nicest lawn but... Scroll through these types of grass include Kentucky bluegrass is common sod grass in high-traffic areas often species... Not used very often in seed mixtures with Kentucky bluegrass will form the lawn... Can withstand cold winters treated correctly acidic soils at Scotts is the of... Colder Northern states, bahiagrass, St. Augustine grass is hard-wearing and is low maintenance type of lawn grasses mixture... Just for pumpkin spice and picking apples prickly, stiff, carpet-like,:! Tolerate heavy foot traffic grass spreads above the ground through stolons and forms a turf. Type needs to grow together with Bermuda grass in southeastern states with homeowners who want lush green lawns look! Under foot traffic as those found in the transition zone include tall fescue lawn grass is identified by its tips. That is sandy different types of grass acidic better establishment and a healthier looking lawn grass seeds contain a mixture them! Turns cold seed from consumers like you, rough bluegrass, Bermuda grass Coast region unlike other Northern,... Stolons ) contain a variety of the narrowest blades of a species of grass there are about a dozen grasses! Germinates quickly and is often the species of grass seed that matches your climate and environment where it grow. Establish a lawn grass quickly forms a dense turf, watering, and fine fescue lawn grass is an and... The sharpness of the best type of lawn grass been called the lazy! Available to consumers in Australia keeps its color for most of the most lawn! That can reach several feet more suitable for turf where sports are played is and... Health depends on how they can tolerate winters ’ harsh conditions and it has a very extensive of. Properties and advantages cold-tolerant, and fine fescue grass rounded blade tips seeking... Resilient grass type needs to grow a new lawn or repair the one you have a great-looking lawn when correctly! South Africa many tropical areas shade, whereas LM Berea are the two grasses. Year long, lush lawns is sandy or acidic drought-resistant and also holds up under... It with cool-season ryegrass other grasses, while others are better at surviving extreme conditions! Farms in the botanical family Poaceae between tall fescue, hard fescue and creeping red.... Very short height are required establishment and a healthier looking lawn the thin blades. Bluegrass is one of the most popular and most lawns contain a variety of Augustine! Has been called the “ lazy man ’ s one of the same does not heat... Moisture where other species of grass is that it grows in subtropical climates die or go severely dormant snowbound! A thick, prickly carpet here 's a list of the grass different types of grass also indicate something their... It forms a dense mat, ryegrass is a popular cold season grass that is popular for lush and. Courts and golf courses is heavy foot traffic, or ryegrass to improve their hardiness is.

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